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Refereed Journal Articles from the Lab (2015 to present)

Click “link” to visit the journal site. Many papers are open access.

Names of Lab members and clinical trainees appear in bold. For a full list of Dr Sirois’ publications, click here


In press

Hirsch, J.K., Toussaint, L., Offenbächer, M., Kohls, N., Hanshans, C., Vallejo, M., Rivera, J., Sirois, F. M., Untner, J., Hölzl, B., Gaisberger, M., Ndosi, M. (In press). Educational needs of patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases attending a large health facility in Austria. Musculoskeletal Care. link

Rabon, J. K., Sirois, F. M., Barton, A., Hirsch, J. K. (In press). Self-compassion and suicidal behavior: Indirect effects of depression, anxiety, and hopelessness across increasingly vulnerable samples. Self & Identity. link

Sirois, F. M., & Owens, J. (in press). A meta-analysis of loneliness and use of primary health care. Health Psychology Review. Open Access


Baird, H., Webb, T. L., Sirois, F. M., & Gibson-Miller, J. (2021). Understanding the effects of time perspective: A meta-analysis testing a self-regulatory framework. Psychological Bulletin 147(3), 233–267. link

Chen, Z., Feng, P., Becker, B., Nassar, M., Sirois, F. M., Hommel, B., Zhang, C., He, Q., Qui, J., He, L., Lei, X., Chen, H., Feng, T. (2021). Neural connectome encodes the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic. Neurobiology of Stress, 15, 100378. Open access.

Hirsch, J.K., Altier, H.R., Offenbächer, M., Toussaint, L., Kohls, N., & Sirois, F. M. (2021). Positive psychological factors and impairment in rheumatic and musculoskeletal disease: Do psychopathology and sleep quality explain the linkage? Arthritis Care and Research, 73, 55–64. link

Hirsch, J.K., Hall, B.B., Wise, H.A., Brooks, B.D., Chang, E.C., & Sirois, F.M. (2021). Negative life events and suicide risk in college students: Conditional indirect effects of hopelessness and self-compassion. Journal of American College Health, 69, 546-553. link

Kaniuka, A., Kelliher Rabon, J., Brooks, B.D., Sirois, F. M., Kleiman, E., & Hirsch, J.K. (2021). Gratitude and suicide risk among college students: Substantiating the protective benefits of being thankful. Journal of American College Health, 69, 660-667. link

Khazaei, M., Holder, M. D., Sirois, F. M., Oades, L. G., & Gendron, B. (2021). Development and assessment of the Personal Emotional Capital Questionnaire for Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(4), 1856. Open access.

Offenbächer, M., Kohls, N., Ewert, T., Sigl, C., Hieblinger, R., Toussaint, L., Sirois, F. M., Hirsch, J. K., Vallejo, M., Kramer, S. Rivera, J., Stucki, G., Schelling, J., & Winelmann, A. (2021). Pain is not the major determinant of Quality of Life in Fibromyalgia – results from a retrospective “real world” data analysis of fibromyalgia patients. Rheumatology International,  41, 1995–2006  link

Sirois, F. M. (2021). Trait procrastination undermines outcome and efficacy expectancies for achieving health-related possible selves. Current Psychology, 40, 3840–3847. Open access

Sirois, F. M., & Owens, J. (2021). Factors associated with psychological distress in health-care workers during an infectious disease outbreak: A rapid systematic review. Frontiers in Psychiatry. Open access.

Sirois, F. M., Toussaint, L. L.,Hirsch, J. K., Kohls, N., & Offenbächer, M. (2021). A person-centred test of multidimensional perfectionism and health in people with chronic fatigue syndrome versus healthy controls. Personality and Individual Differences, 181, 111036. link

Stevenson, J., Millings, A., Emerson, L. M., Sirois, F. M., & Rowe, A. (2021). Adult attachment and mindfulness: Examining directionality, causality, and theoretical implications. Journal of Research in Personality, 90. link

Toussaint, L., Mguyen, A., Roettger, C., Cox, K., Offenbächer, M., Kohls, N., Hirsch, J. K., & Sirois, F. M. (2021). Effectiveness of progressive muscle relaxation, deep breathing, and guided imagery in promoting psychological and physiological states of relaxation. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Open access

Trinidade, I. & Sirois, F. M. (2021). The prospective effects of self-compassion on depressive symptoms, anxiety, and stress: A study in inflammatory bowel disease. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 146, 110429. link

Vallejo, M. A., Vallejo-Slocker, L., Offenbacher, M., Hirsch, J.K., Toussaint, L. L., Kohls, N., Sirois, F. M., & Rivera, J. (2021). Psychological flexibility is key for reducing the severity and impact of fibromyalgia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (14). Open access

Xu, T., Sirois, F. M., Zhang, L., & Feng. T. (2021). Neural basis responsible for self-control association with procrastination: right MFC and bilateral OFC functional connectivity with left dlPFCith left dlPFC. Journal of Research in Personality, 91, 104063. link

Xu, T.,Chen, Z., Sirois, F. M., Zhang, R., Yang, Y., & Feng. T. (2021). Neuroanatomical substrates accounting for the effect of present hedonistic time perspective on risk preference: The mediating role of the right posterior parietal cortex. Brain Imaging & Behaviour, 15,244–254  link


Beaton, D., Sirois, F. M., & Milne, L. (2020). Self-compassion and perceived criticism in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Mindfulness, 11, 2506–2518. Open access

Finlay-Jones, A., Boyes, M., Perry, Y., Sirois, F. M., Lee, R., Rees, C. (2020). Online self-compassion training to improve the wellbeing of youth with chronic medical conditions: Protocol for a randomised control trial. BMC Public Health, 20:106. Open access.

Hirsch, J.K., Treaster, M., Kaniuka, A., Brooks, B., Sirois, F. M., Kohls, N., Nöfer, E., Toussaint, L., & Offenbächer, M. (2020). Fibromyalgia impact and depression: Can perceiving a silver lining make a difference?   Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 61, 543-548. link

Kaniuka, A., Kelliher Rabon, J., Chang, E.C., Sirois, F. M., & Hirsch, J.K. (2020). Symptoms of anxiety and depression and suicidal behavior in college students: Conditional indirect effects of non-suicidal self-injury and self-compassion. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 34, 316-338. link

Lilley, C., Sirois, F. M., & Rowse, G. (2020). A Meta-analysis of parental multidimensional perfectionism and child psychological outcomes. Personality & Individual Differences, 162. link

Millings, A., Hirst, S., Sirois, F. M., & Houlston, C. (2020). Emotional Adaptation to Relationship Dissolution: A new conceptual model and measure. PLOS ONE. Open access

Molnar, D. S., Janssen, W., & Sirois, F. M. (2020). Sleeping perfectly? Trait perfectionism, perceived stress, and sleep quality. Personality and Individual Differences. link

Molnar, D., Sirois, F. M., Flett. G. & Sadava, S. (2020). A person-oriented approach to multidimensional perfectionism: Perfectionism profiles in health and well-being. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment,  38, 127–142. link

Sanftenberg, L., Badermann, M., Kohls, N., Weber, A., Schelling, J., Sirois, F. M., . . . Offenbächer, M. (2020). Effekte von Lebensstiländerungen bei arterieller Hypertonie in der Primärversorgung – ein systematisches Review. Zeitschrift für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität im Gesundheitswesen, 150-152, 12-19. link

Sirois, F. M. (2020). The association between self-compassion and self-rated health in 26 samples. BMC Public Health, 20:74. Open access

Webb, T., Benn, Y.,Chang, B., Reynolds, J., Assinari, A., Sirois, F. M., Harris, P. (2020). The relationship between individual differences in the tendency to self-affirm and affect associated with self-weighing. Journal of Research in Personality, 89. link


Baird, H., Webb, T. L., Martin, J., & Sirois, F.M. (2019). The relationship between time perspective and self-monitoring of blood glucose among people with type 1 diabetes. Annals of Behavioural Medicine, 53, 196–209. link

Chang, E. C., Lucas, A. G., Chang, O. D., Angoff, H., Li, M., Duong, A. H., Huang, J., Perera, M. J., Sirois, F. M., & Hirsch, J. K. (2019). Relationship between future orientation and pain severity in fibromyalgia patients: Self-compassion as a coping mechanism. Social Work,. 64, 253–258. link

Clegg, S., Sirois, F.M., & Reuber, M. (2019). Self-compassion and adjustment in epilepsy and psychogenic non-epileptic seizures. Epilepsy & Behaviour, 100, 106490 link

Hirsch, J. K., Sirois, F. M., Visser, P. L., Brooks, B. D., Kohls, N., Offenbächer, M., & Toussaint, L. (2019).  Perceived stigma and health-related quality of life in the working uninsured: Does thwarted belongingness play a role? Stigma and Health, 4, 1-10. link

Levasseur, M., Filiatrault, J., Lariviere, N., Trepanier, J., Levesque, M-H., Beaudry, M.,  Parisien, M., Provencher, V., Coututier, Y., Champoux, N., Corriveau, H., Carbonneau, H., & Sirois, F. M. (2019). Influence of Lifestyle Redesign® on health, social participation, leisure and mobility of older French-Canadians. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 73. link

Neff, K., Tóth-Király, I., Yarnell, L., Arimitsu, K., Castilho, P., Ghorbani, N., Guo, H., Hirsch, J., Hupfield, J., Hutz, C. S., Kotsou, I., Lee, W. K., Montero-Marin, J., Sirois, F. M., de Souza, L., Svendsen, J., Wilkinson, L., & Mantzios, M. (2019). Examining the Self-Compassion Scale in 20 diverse samples: Support for use of a total score and six subscale scores. Psychological Assessment, 31, 27-45 . link

Rabon, J.K., Hirsch, J.K., Kaniuka, A., Sirois, F.M., Brooks, B.D., & Neff, K. (2019). Self-compassion and suicide risk in veterans: When the going gets tough, do the tough benefit more from self-kindness? Mindfulness, , 10, 2544–2554. link

Rowe, C.A., Sirois, F.M., Toussaint, L., Kohls, N., Nöfer, E., Offenbächer, M. & Hirsch, J.K.  (2019).  Health beliefs, attitudes, and health-related quality of life in persons with fibromyalgia: Mediating role of treatment adherence.  Psychology, Health and Medicine,.24, 962-977. link

Sanftenberg, L., van Dyck, M., Bucksch, J., Weber, A., Schelling, J., Kohls, N., Sirois, F.M., Toussaint, L., Hirsch, J.K., Offenbächer, M. (2019). Körperliche Aktivität und potenzielle Korrelate bei Hämodialyse patienten / Physical activity and potential correlates in hemodialysis patients. Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung,  14, 290–297. link

Sirois, F. M., Bogels, S. & Emerson, L. (2019). Self-compassion improves well-being in response to challenging parenting events. The Journal of Psychology, 153, 327-341. link

Sirois, F. M., & Hirsch, J. K. (2019). Self-compassion and adherence in five medical groups: The role of stress. Mindfulness, 10, 46-54. Open access

Sirois, F. M., Nauts, S., & Molnar D. S. (2019). Self-compassion and bedtime procrastination: An emotion regulation perspective. Mindfulness, 10, 434–445. Open access

Sirois, F. M., Toussaint, L. L., Hirsch, J. K., Kohls, N., Weber, A., & Offenbächer, M. (2019). Trying to be perfect in an imperfect world: A person-centred test of perfectionism and health in fibromyalgia patients versus healthy controls. Personality and Individual Differences, 137, 27-32. link

Sirois, F. M., Yang, S., & van Eerde, W. (2019). Development and validation of the GPS-9, a short and reliable measure of trait procrastination. Personality & Individual Differences,146, 26-33. link

Stockton, D., Keller, S., Berrios, R., Sirois, F. M., Wilkinson, N., & Miles, G. (2019). Identifying the underlying mechanisms of change during acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT): A systematic review of contemporary mediation studies. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 47, 332-362. link

Toussaint, L., Sirois, F.M., Hirsch, J.K.,Kohls, N., Weber, A., Schelling, J., Vajda, C., & Offenbächer, M. (2019). Anger rumination mediates differences between fibromyalgia patients and healthy controls on mental health and quality of life. Personality and Mental Health,. 13, 119–133. link

Walker, K., Kaniuka, A., Sirois, F.M., Chang, E.C., & Hirsch, J.K. (2019). Improving health related quality of life and reducing suicide risk in primary care: Can social problem-solving abilities help? International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 17, 295–309 link


Sirois, F. M., Bann, C. M., & Walsh, E. G. (2018). The role of mind-body awareness in the outcomes of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 22, 37-43 (IF = 0.82). link

Sirois, F. M., & Iyer, A. (2018). “At least David Cameron resigned”: The protective effects of just-world beliefs for counterfactual thinking after Brexit. Personality and Individual Differences, 121, 25-30. link

Sirois, F. M., & Giguère, B. (2018). Giving in when feeling less good: Procrastination, action control, and social temptations. British Journal of Social Psychology, 57, (2),404-427. link

Sirois, F. M., Liang, L., & Upchurch, D. M. (2018). Use and disclosure of complementary health approaches (CHA) in U.S. adults with cardiovascular disease. American Journal of Cardiology, 122, 170-174. link

Rabon, J.K., Sirois, F. M., & Hirsch, J.K. (2018). Self-compassion and suicidal behavior in college students: Serial indirect effects via depression and wellness behaviors. Journal of American College Health, 66 (2), 114-122. link

Upchurch, D. M., Liang, L., & Sirois, F. M. (2018). A dual continuum model of the reasons for use of complementary health approaches among overweight and obese adults: Findings from the 2012 NHIS. BMC Complementary & Alternative Medicine. Open access

Weber, A., Schelling, J., Kohls, N., Van Dyck, M., Vajda, C., Hirsch, J.K., Sirois, F. M., Toussaint, L., Nöfer, E., Offenbächer, M. (2018). Aktuelle Forschungsaktivitäten zur personenzentrierten Medizin in akademischen Instituten für Allgemeinmedizin in Deutschland und Österreich / Current research activities on person-centered medicine in academical institutes for general practice in Germany and Austria. Das Gesundheitswesen80, 1006-1012. link


Baird, H., Webb, T. L., Martin, J., & Sirois, F. M. (2017). The relationship between time perspective and self-regulatory processes, abilities and outcomes: A protocol for a meta-analytical review. BMJ Open. Open access

Homan, K. J., & Sirois, F. M. (2017). Self-compassion and physical health: Exploring the roles of perceived stress and health-promoting behaviors. Health Psychology Open 4 (2), 1-9. Open access

Kristoffersen, A. E., Sirois, F. M., Stub, T., Hansen, A. H. (2017). Prevalence and predictors of complementary and alternative medicine use among people with coronary heart disease or at risk for this in the Tromsø 6 Study: A comparative analysis using protection motivation theory. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Open access

Offenbaecher, M., Dezutter, J., Kohls, N., Sigl, C., Vallejo, M. A., Rivera, J., Bauerdorf, F., Schelling, J., Vincent, A., Hirsch, J., Sirois, F. M., & Toussaint, L. L. (2017). Struggling with adversities of life: The role of forgiveness in patients suffering from fibromyalgia. Clinical Journal of Pain, 33, 528–534. link

Sirois, F. M., & Hirsch, J. K. (2017). A longitudinal study of the profiles of psychological thriving, resilience and loss in people with inflammatory bowel disease. British Journal of Health Psychology, 22, 920-939. link

Sirois, F. M., & Molnar, D. S. (2017). Perfectionism strivings and concerns are differentially associated with self-rated health beyond negative affect. Journal of Research in Personality, 70, 73-83. link

Sirois, F. M., Molnar, D. M., & Hirsch, J. K.  (2017). A meta-analytic and conceptual update on the associations between procrastination and multidimensional perfectionism. European Journal of Personality, 31, 137-159. link

Sirois, F. M., Riess, L., & Upchurch, D. (2017). Implicit reasons for disclosure of use of complementary health approaches (CHA): A consumer commitment perspective. Annals of Behavioural Medicine, 51, 764–774. link

Sirois, F. M., & Wood, A. M. (2017). Gratitude uniquely predicts lower depression in chronic illness populations: A longitudinal study of inflammatory bowel disease and arthritis. Health Psychology, 36, 122-132. link

Toussaint, L. L., Sirois, F. M., Hirsch, J. K., Weber, A., Vajda, C., Schelling, J., C., Kohls, N., & Offenbächer, M. (2017). Gratitude partially explains quality of life differences between fibromyalgia patients and healthy controls. Quality of Life Research, 26, 2449-2457. link


Flett, G. L., Mara, A., Hewitt, P. L., Sirois, F. M., & Molnar, D. S. (2016). How should discrepancy be assessed in perfectionism research? A psychometric analysis and proposed refinement of the Almost Perfect Scale–Revised. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 34, 718-732. link

Hirsch, J.K., & Sirois, F.M. (2016). Hope and fatigue in chronic illness: The role of perceived stress. Journal of Health Psychology, 21, 451-456. link

Hirsch, J.K., Sirois, F. M., Molnar, D. S., & Chang, E. C.  (2016). Pain and depressive symptoms in primary care: Positive and negative affect as moderators.  The Clinical Journal of Pain 32(7), 562-7. link

Sirois, F. M., & Gick, M. L. (2016). An appraisal-based coping model of attachment and adjustment to arthritis. Journal of Health Psychology, 21, 821-831. link

Sirois, F. M., Kristofferson, A., & Salamonsen, A. (2016). Reasons for continuing use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM): A consumer commitment model. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Open access

Sirois, F. M., Millings, A., & Hirsch, J. K. (2016). Insecure attachment orientation and well-being in emerging adults: The roles of perceived social support and fatigue. Personality and Individual Differences, 101, 318–321. link

Sirois, F. M., & Rowse, G. (2016). The role of self-compassion in chronic illness care. Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management, 23, 521-527. Open access


Hirsch, J.K., Molnar, D., Chang, E.C., & Sirois, F. M.  (2015). Future orientation and health quality of life in primary care: Vitality as a mediator.  Quality of Life Research, 24, 1653-1659. link

Sirois, F. M., van Eerde, W., & Argiropoulou, M. I. (2015). Is procrastination related to sleep quality? Testing an application of the procrastination-health model. Cogent Psychology, 2 (1). open access

Sirois, F. M. (2015). Who looks forward to better health? Personality and future health in the context of chronic illness. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 22, 569-579. link

Sirois, F. M. (2015). A self-regulation resource model of self-compassion and health behaviour intentions in emerging adults. Preventive Medicine Reports, 2, 218–222. Open access

Sirois, F. M. (2015). Is procrastination a vulnerability factor for hypertension and cardiovascular disease? Testing an extension of the procrastination-health model. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 38, 578-589. link

Sirois, F. M., & Hirsch, J. K. (2015). Big Five traits, affect balance and health behaviors: A self-regulation resource perspective. Personality and Individual Differences, 87, 59–64. link

Sirois, F. M., & Kitner, R. (2015). Less adaptive or more maladaptive? A meta-analytic investigation of procrastination and coping. European Journal of Personality, 29, 433-444. link

Sirois, F. M., Kitner, R., & Hirsch, J. K. (2015). Self-compassion, affect, and health-promoting behaviors.  Health Psychology, 34, 661-669. link

Sirois, F. M., Molnar, D. S., & Hirsch, J. K. (2015). Self-compassion, stress and coping in the context of chronic Illness. Self and Identity, 14, 334-347. link